Today is the World Hepatitis Day .
Having a chronic HBV infection can lead to serious complications. Such infections include the following :
1 . Scarring of the liver (cirrhosis ). The inflammation associated with a hepatitis B infection can lead to extensive liver scarring (cirrhosis ) , which may impair the liver ’ s ability to function .
2 . Liver cancer. People with chronic hepatitis B infection have an increased risk of liver cancer.
3 . Liver failure. Acute liver failure is a condition in which the vital functions of the liver shut down . When that occurs , a liver transplant is necessary to sustain life .
4 . Other conditions. People with chronic hepatitis B may develop kidney disease or inflammation of blood vessels .
Experts at America – based Mayo Clinic say that hepatitis B infection may be either short -lived ( acute) or long lasting (chronic).
Acute hepatitis B infection lasts less than six months .
“ Your immune system likely can clear acute hepatitis B from your body , and you should recover completely within a few months , ” the physicians say ; warning that most people who get hepatitis B as adults have an acute infection, but it can lead to chronic infection.
However , chronic hepatitis B infection lasts six months or longer .
It lingers because the victim ’ s immune system can ’ t fight off the infection.
“ Chronic hepatitis B infection may last a lifetime , possibly leading to serious illnesses such as cirrhosis and liver cancer, ” the doctors say .
The younger you are when you get hepatitis B — particularly newborns or children younger than five years of age — the higher your risk of the infection becoming chronic. “ Chronic infection may go undetected for decades until a person becomes seriously ill from liver disease , ” the doctors warn.
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